The journal Archives of Agriculture and Environmental Science (AAES) is committed to publishing only innovative and original material, i.e., material that has neither been published elsewhere, nor is it under consideration for publication by another publisher. The Agriculture and Environmental Science Academy (AESA) ethics committee as Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) is an independent committee that is responsible for supporting the editors in resolving problems that infringes on the editorial policy of AAES. The committee shall be made up of three editorial board members of the journal. The ethics committee shall review cases of misconduct and make recommendations including appropriate sanctions. So, it is of huge significance if authors avoid the following ethical violations:
- Authors must read the “Guidelines for Authors” on the journal’s page before making a submission. Manuscript should be prepared according to the format and guidelines of the journal.
- A submitted manuscript is a confidential material. AESA will not disclose submitted manuscript to anyone except individuals who contribute in the processing and preparation of the manuscript for publication (if accepted). These individuals include editorial staff, corresponding authors, potential reviewers, actual reviewers, and editors. However, in suspected cases of misconduct, a manuscript may be revealed to members of AESA ethics committee and institutions/organizations that may require it for the resolution of the misconduct.
- The review process is an important aspect of the publication process of an article. It helps the editor in making decision on an article and also enables the author to improve the manuscript.
- Author(s) identity is removed from the manuscript and protected from the reviewers during the review process. The reviewer is left with only manuscript without any information that might enable him/her uncovers the identity of the author(s). Information removed includes the author(s) name, address/affiliation, country, phone/fax and email. Any information in the Acknowledgement and declaration of conflict of interest that may lead to the uncovering of the identity of the author is also removed from the manuscript prior to sending it to reviewers.
- Manuscripts are assigned to members of the editorial board of the journal or other qualified reviewers. The manuscript review form is used to report the reviewers’ evaluation of the manuscript.
- Editor is responsible for making final decisions on a manuscript. AESA require the editor and editorial board members to stick on to Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) code of conduct and best practice guidelines for journal editor.
- Interference with the editorial freedom of editors construes misconduct. The AESA strictly prohibits the interference with the editorial freedom of any of its editors. Suspect cases of interference will be reported to the ethics committee.
- To join an editorial board of a journal published by AESA, a prospective board member should have completed a doctorial programme. The area of expertise of the prospective board member should fit with the aims and scope of the journal. The applicant should also have research experience and publications in his/her area of expertise.
- Corrections can be made to a published article with the authorization of the editor of the journal. Editor will decide the magnitude of the corrections. Minor corrections are made directly to the original article. However, in cases of major corrections, the original article will remain unchanged, while the corrected version will also be published. Both the original and corrected version will be linked to each other. A statement indicating the reason for the major change to the article will also be published.
- Authors should disclose all financial/relevant interest that may have influenced the development of the manuscript.
- Data fabrication and falsification means the researcher did not really carry out the study, but made up data or results and had recorded or reported the fabricated information. AESA will follow the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines in suspected cases of fabrication and falsification of data.
- Plagiarism is intentionally using someone else’s ideas or other original material as if they are one’s own. Submitted manuscripts should be the original works of the author(s). Making use of someone else’s work without proper citation is considered as plagiarism by AESA.
- Simultaneous submission occurs when a manuscript (or substantial sections from a manuscript) is submitted to a journal when it is already under consideration by another journal and it will be considered misconduct of publication ethics.
- Duplicate publication occurs when two or more papers, without full cross referencing, share essentially the same hypotheses, data, discussion points, and conclusions.
- All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. It is principal to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians.
- Citation manipulation includes excessive citations, in the submitted manuscript, that do not contribute to the scholarly content of the article and have been included solely for the purpose of increasing citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal. Authors should use only citations that are relevant to their manuscripts. Addition of references which are not relevant to the work is strongly avoided.
- It must be stated categorically that AESA will, in no way, condole any of the following because they are unethical:
- Irrelevant self citation to increase one’s citation.
- Unnecessary citation of articles for the sole purpose of increasing the articles’ citation.
- Unnecessary citation of articles from a particular journal to increase the journal’s citation.
- In cases where the violations of the above policies are found to be outstandingly bad, the publisher reserves the right to take measures to curb the violations.
Agriculture and Environmental Science Academy